7 Feminist Questions ‘Draupadi’ Raises In The Book ‘The Palace Of Illusions’
- JWB Post
- September 8, 2015
Just this morning in class, I witnessed a discussion about women’s stand in Hindu mythology. And apparently, any discussion on this subject is incomplete without the mention of the book ‘The Palace of Illusions’ by Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni.
The book is a fresh perspective on our very own Indian epic saga: The Mahabharata. It describes the major events of this tale from the perspective of Draupadi, the woman married to the five Pandava brothers. Draupadi aka Panchali is projected as a strong and independent woman who makes her own choices on the face of overwhelmingly patriarchal society.
Chitra, through her book, puts up some really significant questions on the way the patriarchal setup obstructs women, in context of the Mahabharata.
1. Even a princess born out of fire couldn’t avoid the way the birth of a girl child is perceived in India, as something of a bane
Come to think of “the meaning of the names our father chose. Dhristadyumna, Destroyer of Enemies. Draupadi, Daughter of Drupad.” And Draupadi is left to wonder “Granted, he hadn’t been expecting me, but couldn’t my father have come up with something a little less egoistic?”
2. Draupadi was the most sought after beauty, but even she couldn’t live up to the ‘standards’
Despite her personality and beauty, she herself was compelled to think of herself as “a princess afflicted with a skin so dark that people termed it blue”.
Draupadi, born a princess and brought up in a palace amidst every luxury possible, was made to follow Arjuna (her only husband immediately after the swayamvara), to the Pandavas’ hut inside the forest, and live a life of complete drudgery. Did she choose it, or rather did she even have a say in it? Not much!
4. The power of a man over his wife in the Indian society
When Yudhishthir lost even himself at the game of dices with the Kauravas, he pawned his (and his 4 brothers’) wife Draupadi, who was dragged by her hair to the court, only to be publicly humiliated. And only she had the courage to ask how a man, who had lost everything, even himself, can still be the master of a woman and pawn her.
5. Draupadi was forced to marry 5 men – An act of utter cruelty glorified through the ages
The sage Vyasa sealed Draupadi’s fate saying she’ll have 5 husbands, and that she did, after a politically manipulated swayamvara, without anyone even bothering to enquire if that was the fate she had wanted!
6. To pay for the Indian obsession with virginity, Draupadi had to bear the excruciating pain of having her hymen break, every year of her life
Vyasa, the sage, gives her a “boon” to make up for her fate of being a “communal drinking cup” (read having 5 husbands at a time). The boon was that each time Draupadi goes to live with one of her husbands, her virginity will be restored. And it was only Draupadi herself who wonders if this so called boon is for her benefit or for her husbands – sums up the Indian obsession with a woman’s virginity, does it not?
7. Kurukshetra war, generally perceived as a war between the ‘right’ and the ‘wrong,’ was nothing but devastation after all
As Duryodhana asked Yudhishthira at the end of the war, “I’m going to heaven to enjoy all its pleasures with my friends. You’ll rule a kingdom peopled with widows and orphans and wake each morning to the grief of loss. Who’s the real winner, then, and who the loser?”, the very war was nothing but an act of nationwide wreckage.
Epics after all, are based on devastations, be it, of living beings or of morality.
This book is a doze of women empowerment and feminism in a big big way! No wonder Chitra has received worldwide fame!